Within the late hours Sunday into early Monday morning, the total moon will slip into Earth’s shadow, creating a complete lunar eclipse that may tinge the night time sky satellite tv for pc with a reddish hue — that is what provides the phenomenon the nickname “blood moon.”
However this time scientists suspect that the celestial occasion will produce a moon that appears extra deep crimson than regular, because of a strong occasion that occurred not too way back right here on Earth.
In January, an underwater volcano erupted within the South Pacific close to the uninhabited island of Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha‘apai. The plume from the eruption was catapulted excessive into the environment, reaching as much as 36 miles in altitude.
In accordance with NASA, it’s seemingly the very best plume captured within the satellite tv for pc period.
“The depth of this occasion far exceeds that of any storm cloud I’ve ever studied,” mentioned Kristopher Bedka, an atmospheric scientist at NASA Langley.
The ensuing cloud of ash and gasoline unfold throughout a bit of the stratosphere bigger in space than the state of Georgia.
Throughout a lunar eclipse a lot of the daylight that lights up the moon passes by means of the stratosphere the place it will get scattered to supply the crimson “blood moon” impact. The additional materials just lately injected into that atmospheric layer might produce an eclipse that’s bloodier than regular.
“The volcano’s lingering exhaust might shade the eclipse, making it a deeper darker crimson than regular,” writes astronomer Tony Phillips at Spaceweather.com.
Practically a thousand years in the past, on Might 5, 1110, some medieval scribes reported a lunar eclipse that so darkened the disc of the moon that it was “utterly extinguished.” In 2020 researchers used ice core and tree ring information to attach the extreme eclipse to a volcanic eruption in Japan two years earlier.
It’s not clear that we moon will probably be totally blotted out Sunday night time and Monday morning, however regardless of the added impact from volcanic exercise, it’ll be a present price venturing exterior for.
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